Democracy and Homeland Security: Strategies, Controversies, and Impact

Nawal H. Ammar

Nawal H. Ammar, Ph.D. is a Professor of Justice Studies at Kent State University. Nawal is an ethno-criminologist who conducts cross-cultural research on Islamic law and society, Muslim-Arab women outside war zones or occupation, and on restorative justice issues for minorities. Professor Ammar has published articles, books, and reports. Her publications appear in professional journals, such as Civil Society, Journal of Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, International Review of Victimlogy, Women in Criminal Justice, International Journal of Comparative Criminology, International Journal of Comparative Criminology, and Federal Probation.

Timothy J. Berard

Timothy J. Berard is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Justice Studies, Kent State University. He holds a Ph.D. in sociology from Boston University. His substantive interests include race relations and discrimination, especially as these issues relate to the sociology of law and deviance. He previously published on the Japanese Exclusion Order during the Second World War, as well as on a variety of figures and issues in social theory and qualitative methods, including the relevance of qualitative sociological methods for the study of macro-structural group relations such as race relations.

David Cole

David Cole is a professor at Georgetown University Law Center, a volunteer staff attorney for the Center for Constitutional Rights, the legal affairs correspondent for The Nation, and a commentator on National Public Radio’s All Things Considered. A graduate of Yale University and Yale Law School, he has litigated many First Amendment cases, including Texas v. Johnson and United States v. Eichman, which extended First Amendment protection to flag burning. New York Times columnist Anthony Lewis has called him “one of the country’s great legal voices for civil liberties today,” and former CIA Director James Woolsey has called David’s latest book, Enemy Aliens: Double Standards and Constitutional Freedoms in the War on Terrorism (rev. paperback ed. 2005), “the essential book in the field.” Enemy Aliens won the American Book Award and the Hefner First Amendment Prize. David’s first book, No Equal Justice: Race and Class in the American Criminal Justice System, was named Best Non-Fiction Book of 1999 by the Boston Book Review, best book on an issue of national policy in 1999 by the American Political Science Association, and awarded the Alpha Sigma Nu prize from the Jesuit Honor Society in 2001. David has received numerous awards for his civil rights and civil liberties work, including from the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of the Freedom of Expression, the American Bar Association’s Individual Rights and Responsibilities Section, the National Lawyers Guild, the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, the Political Asylum and Immigrants’ Rights Project, the American Muslim Council, and Trial Lawyers for Public Justice.

Samuel Collins, Ph.D.

Samuel Collins, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor of Anthropology and Director of Cultural Studies at Towson University in Baltimore, Maryland. His research includes the discourse on the future in anthropology, multi-agent systems and cybernetics, information society and globalization, and popular culture in Korea.

Randall Curren, Ph.D.

Randall Curren, Ph.D. is a Professor and Chair of Philosophy and a Professor of Education at the University of Rochester. He is the author of Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education (2000), and other works in ethics, ancient Greek philosophy, political philosophy, philosophy of education, and the philosophy of law. He is the editor of A Companion to the Philosophy of Education (2003) and Philosophy of Education: An Anthology (2006), and is co-editor of the journal of Theory and Research in Education.

Bassel El-Kasaby

Bassel El-Kasaby holds a Juris Doctor degree with distinction from the University of Iowa. As a faculty member at the University of Nebraska at Omaha Aviation Institute, he is involved in teaching and research on aviation law, policy, and regulation. He has published on issues involving aviation law, insurance, and passenger rights. As an attorney, he has been involved in major civil rights litigation, and has acted as counsel for several private and non-profit organizations in the field of transportation.

Paul Haridakis

Paul Haridakis is an Associate Professor of Communication Studies at Kent State University. He received a Ph.D. from Kent State University and a J.D. from the University of Akron. His predominant research interests are in the areas of Freedom of Speech, Media Law, and Media Uses and Effects. He serves on the editorial board of Communication Studies and is published in Communication Law & Policy, Communication Yearbook, Free Speech Yearbook, Journal of Mass Media Ethics, Mass Communication & Society, Media Psychology, Newspaper Research Journal, and Media in an American Crisis: Studies of September 11, 2001.

Polycarp Ikuenobe

Polycarp Ikuenobe is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Kent State University. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1993 from Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan. He has published a number of articles in his areas of teaching and research interest, which include the philosophy of law and social and political philosophy, African and African-American philosophy, Ethics, Informal Logic, and Critical Thinking. These papers have appeared in such journals as Journal of Social Philosophy, Philosophy East & West, Journal of Philosophical Research, Vera Lex, Journal of Value Inquiry, Argumentation, Public Affairs Quarterly, Metaphilosophy, Educational Philosophy and Theory, Philosophical Papers, and Studies in Philosophy and Education, among others.

Mervat F. Hatem, Ph.D.

Mervat F. Hatem, Ph.D. is a Professor of Political Science at Howard University in Washington D.C.. Her latest publication on the topic of globalization is titled “In the Eye of the Storm: Islamic Societies and Muslim Women in the Globalization Discourses”, which will appear shortly in Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

Jameel Jaffer

Jameel Jaffer is an attorney for the National Legal Department of the American Civil Liberties Union. He has served as lead counsel in several significant cases involving the USA PATRIOT Act, including a successful constitutional challenge to Section 505 of that Act, the "national security letter" provision. He currently represents the ACLU, Physicians for Human Rights, and other public interest organizations in Freedom of Information Act litigation for records concerning the United States’ interrogation and detention policies in Iraq, Afghanistan, and at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. After graduating from Harvard Law School, Mr. Jaffer served as law clerk to Hon. Amalya L. Kearse, United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and then to Rt. Hon. Beverley McLachlin, Chief Justice of Canada.

Admiral James Milton Loy

Admiral James Milton Loy served as the Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) from December 4, 2003 to March 1, 2005. Loy entered the United States Coast Guard Academy in 1960. He served as a commissioned officer in the U.S. Coast Guard, rising to the rank of Admiral. In May 1998, Loy became Commandant of the Coast Guard, serving in that post until 2002. In May, 2002, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation Norman Mineta appointed Loy to become the Deputy Undersecretary for the newly-formed Transportation Security Administration. Loy led the agency through its creation and subsequent incorporation into the Department of Homeland Security.

On October 23, 2003, Loy was nominated as Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security by President George W. Bush, and sworn in on December 4, 2003. Following the departure of Tom Ridge, Loy filled in as Acting Secretary of Homeland Security from February 1, 2005 until February 15, 2005, when Michael Chertoff was confirmed and sworn into office. Joining the exodus of leadership, Loy resigned as Deputy Secretary, effective March 1, 2005. On August 5, 2005, Loy joined the Board of Directors for Lockheed Martin (from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (

Erin O’Brien

Erin O’Brien is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Kent State University. She received her Ph.D. from the American University in 2003, and she specializes in political behavior and the politics of poverty and social welfare policy. Her work appears in journals, including Woman & Politics and the American Journal of Political Science.

Alice Ristroph

Alice Ristroph is Associate Professor of Law at the University of Utah, S.J. Quinney College of Law. She writes and teaches in the fields of criminal law, constitutional law, and political theory. Her current projects focus on contemporary penal practices, the sources of political authority, and the regulation of information. Before joining the faculty at the S.J. Quinney College of Law, Ristroph served as a Visiting Assistant Professor of Government at Dartmouth College and as an Associate in Law at Columbia Law School. She received a J.D. from Harvard Law School and a Ph.D. in political theory from Harvard University.

Mary Stansbury, Ph.D.

Mary Stansbury, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor in the School of Library and Information Science at Kent State University. Her research and teaching are in the areas of information policy, the digital divide, and health information literacy. Dr. Stansbury is a former public library trustee of the Hudson Library and Historical Society and is co-author of Virtual Inequality: Beyond the Digital Divide/ (Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2003).

Irum Shiekh

Irum Shiekh received her Ph.D. in Ethnic Studies from the University of California at Berkeley (UCB). Her dissertation entitled "September 11 Detentions: Racial Formation and a Hegemonic Discourse of Muslim Terrorist" provides oral histories of people arrested and deported in connection with September 11 attacks. She is using this research to write a book and produce a documentary. She also teaches courses in the departments of Ethnic Studies and Women Studies at UC Berkeley.

Melissa M. Spirek

Melissa M. Spirek is an associate professor in the School of Communication Studies at Bowling Green State University. She has generated more than $2 million in grant funding and has received 15 awards for research on emotional responses to the media. Among her honors are the Wilbur Schramm Award of Excellence, the Association of Educational Technology Crystal Award, and the Frank Luther Mott-Kappa Tau Alpha Research Award. She earned her doctorate from Purdue University.

Scott E. Tarry, Ph.D.

Scott E. Tarry, Ph.D. is a Professor of Aviation and Public Administration at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. He currently serves as President of the Transportation Research Forum, a national organization of transportation officials, practitioners, and scholars. Dr. Tarry’s research on air transport and public policy has been published in various scholarly journals, including Policy Studies Journal, Journal of Air Transport Management, Transportation Journal, International Interactions, and Public Works Management & Policy.

Kathleen Walker, Ph.D., ATR-BC

Kathleen Walker, Ph.D., ATR-BC is an Assistant Professor in Human Development and Family Studies at Kent State University and a former art therapist. She teaches classes in child development and building family strengths. Her research focuses on the use of children’s drawings in child development and family research as a way to better understand the influence of culture, gender, and age on the meanings children give to their experiences in multiple contexts. Recent investigations explore children’s understanding of peace, war, and related topics.

Judith A. Youngman

Judith A. Youngman is a Professor of Political Science at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, New London, CT. She previously served as Associate Professor of Social Sciences at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point; and as Assistant Professor of Government at Gallaudet University. Her research interests in competitiveness, women’s studies, and military policy are reflected in her service as Chair of the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services; cofounder of the Intellectual Property Committee; and as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations’ Study Group on Labor and the International Economy, and the Military Culture for the 21st Century project of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, among other projects. Her published works include: From Rationality to Liberation: The Evolution of Feminist Ideology and Keeping America Competitive: Employment Policy for the 21st Century. Dr. Youngman received her B.A. in Political Science from the University of Massachusetts—Amherst, and her M.A. and Ph.D. in Government from the University of Texas at Austin. As a member of Phi Beta Kappa, she is the recipient of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service.