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Civil War History: Archive

June 2023, Volume 69, No. 2

Jun 21st, 2023

Civil War History Vol. 69, No. 1


Moral Bushwhacking and Political Quantrellism: Thomas Ewing Jr. and the Clamor of Guerrilla Politics
By Jeremy Neely

The Causes of the American Civil War: Recent Interpretations and New Directions (1974 Reprint)
By Eric Foner

Forum on Eric Foner’s “The Causes of the American Civil War: Recent Interpretations and New Directions”
with comments by Aaron Astor, Judith Giesberg, Kellie Carter Jackson, Martha S. Jones, Brian Matthew Jordan, James Oakes, Jason Phillips, Angela M. Riotto, Anne Sarah Rubin, and Manisha Sinha


AARON ASTOR is associate professor of History at Maryville College in Maryville, Tennessee. He is the author of Rebels on the Border: Civil War, Emancipation and the Reconstruction of Kentucky and Missouri, 1860–1872 (2012) and The Civil War Along Tennessee’s Cumberland Plateau (2015) coeditor, with Thomas C. Buchanan, of Slavery: Interpreting American History (2021). He has also written eleven articles for the award-winning New York Times Disunion series. He is currently working on a book project that explores the 1860 presidential election as a grassroots phenomenon from the perspective of four distinct American communities.

KEITH S. BOHANNON is professor of history and teaches courses on the history of Georgia, the antebellum South, Jacksonian American, and the US Civil War and Reconstruction. His research focus is on the interaction during the Civil War between the soldiers and civilians on the battlefield and home front, particularly in Georgia. In the past, Bohannon has worked for several US National Parks as a historian and exhibits planner.

JAMES J. BROOMALL is the director of the George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War and associate professor of history at Shepherd University. He is author of Private Confederacies: The Emotional Worlds of Southern Men as Citizens and Soldiers (2019). With William A. Link, Broomall published an edited collection, Rethinking American Emancipation: Legacies of Slavery and the Quest for Black Freedom (2016).

JUDITH GIESBERG is Robert M. Birmingham Chair in the Humanities and professor of history at Villanova University. Giesberg is the author of five books, including Civil War Sisterhood: The United States Sanitary Commission and Women’s Politics in Transition (2000), “Army at Home”: Women and the Civil War on the Northern Home Front (2009), Emilie Davis’s Civil War: The Diaries of a Free Black Woman in Philadelphia, 1863–1865 (2014), and Sex and the Civil War: Soldiers, Pornography, and the Making of Modern Morality (2017).

KURT HACKEMER is provost and vice president for academic affairs at the University of South Dakota. He teaches a wide range of American and non-American military history courses, but his research focuses on nineteenth-century American naval and military history. He is currently working on a pair of complementary projects focused on Dakota Territory. The first explores the territory’s Civil War experience from a war and society perspective, and the second examines the world of Civil War veterans who moved to the frontier.

KELLIE CARTER JACKSON is the Michael and Denise Kellen ’68 Associate Professor in the Department of Africana Studies at Wellesley College. She is the author of the award-winning Force and Freedom: Black Abolitionists and the Politics of Violence (2019), which won the SHEAR James H. Broussard Best First Book Prize. Jackson is also a historian in residence for the Museum of African American History in Boston and serves as a commissioner for the Massachusetts Historical Commission.

MARTHA S. JONES is the Society of Black Alumni Presidential Professor, professor of history, and professor at the SNF Agora Institute at the Johns Hopkins University. She is a legal and cultural historian whose work examines how Black Americans have shaped the story of American democracy. Her work includes four books: Vanguard: How Black Women Broke Barriers, Won the Vote, and Insisted on Equality for All (2020), Birthright Citizens: A History of Race and Rights in Antebellum America (2018), All Bound Up Together: The Woman Question in African American Public Culture 1830–1900 (2007), and, as coeditor, Toward an Intellectual History of Black Women (2015). Jones is a public historian, writing for broader audiences at the New York Times, Washington Post, the Atlantic, and USA Today.

BRIAN MATTHEW JORDAN is associate professor of Civil War history and chair of the Department of History at Sam Houston State University. He is the author or editor of many books, including Marching Home: Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War, which was a finalist for the 2016 Pulitzer Prize in History, and A Thousand May Fall: An Immigrant Regiment’s Civil War (2022). Jordan coedits a series on veterans at the University of Massachusetts Press and is the book review editor for the Civil War Monitor. His next book, Final Resting Places: Reflections on the Meaning of Civil War Graves (coedited with Jonathan W. White) is forthcoming with the University of Georgia Press. Presently, he is at work on a major interpretive synthesis of the Civil War era.

J. BRENT MORRIS specializes in South Carolina history, the history of the American South, and African American history. His publications include Oberlin, Hotbed of Abolitionism: College, Community and the Fight for Freedom and Equality in Antebellum America (2014). His most recent work is Dismal Freedom: A History of the Maroons of the Great Dismal Swamp (2022).

JEREMY NEELY is assistant professor of history at Missouri State University in Springfield. He is the author of The Border between Them: Violence and Reconciliation on the Kansas-Missouri Line (2007). He is currently working on an edited collection that is tentatively titled “A Union Tested: The Civil War Papers of Cimbaline and Henry Fike.”

JAMES OAKES is the author of several books on slavery, antislavery, and emancipation. His most recent, The Crooked Path to Abolition: Abraham Lincoln and the Antislavery Constitution, was published in 2021.

JASON PHILLIPS is the Eberly Family Professor of Civil War Studies at West Virginia University and president-elect of the Society of Civil War Historians. His most recent book is Looming Civil War: How Nineteenth-Century Americans Imagined the Future (2018). Currently he is researching how the profusion of firearms during the Civil War affected American gun culture.

ANGELA M. RIOTTO received her PhD from the University of Akron and is currently assistant professor in the Department of Military History at the US Army Command and General Staff College. Her research examines the ways both US and Confederate former prisoners of war discussed their captivity between 1861 and 1930. She has published several articles and book chapters on her research.

ANNE SARAH RUBIN is professor of history at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, where she was the 2016–17 Lipitz Professor of the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences. She was also associate director of the Imaging Research Center from 2017 to 2020. Her most recent book is the coedited memoir The Perfect Scout: A Soldier’s Memoir of the Great March to the Sea and the Campaign of the Carolinas (2018). Her study of the place of Sherman’s March in American culture and history, Through the Heart of Dixie: Sherman’s March in American Memory was published in September 2014. She is currently working on a project called “Confederate Hunger: Food and Famine in the Civil War South, 1860–1868.”

MARCY S. SACKS is the Julian S. Rammelkamp Professor of History and chair of history at Albion College. She is most recently the author of “‘They Are Truly Marvelous Cats’: The Importance of Companion Animals to US Soldiers during the Civil War,” Journal of the Civil War Era 11, no. 2 (June 2021): 224–54.

MANISHA SINHA is the Draper Chair in American History at the University of Connecticut and a 2022 Guggenheim Fellow. She is the author of The Counterrevolution of Slavery: Politics and Ideology in Antebellum South Carolina (2000) and The Slave’s Cause: A History of Abolition (2016), which won the Frederick Douglass, Avery Craven, James Rawley, and SHEAR Best Book Prizes. Sinha is a historian of the long nineteenth century whose research interests lie in the transnational histories of slavery, abolition, and feminism and the history and legacy of the Civil War and Reconstruction. Her latest book, The Rise and Fall of the Second American Republic: A Long History of Reconstruction, 1860–1900 is forthcoming (2023).

DIANE MILLER SOMMERVILLE is the author of Rape and Race in the Nineteenth-Century South (2004) and of Aberration of Mind: Suicide and Suffering in the Civil War Era South (2018). She’s currently working on a study of post-partum disorders in the American South.

HEATHER CARLQUIST WALSER is a PhD candidate at Pennsylvania State University. Her project, “Amnesty’s Origins: Federal Power, Peace, and the Public Good in the Long Civil War Era,” explores the roots of the amnesty crisis that occurred at the conclusion of the American Civil War. She examines how Americans understood and used amnesty to resolve conflict, negotiate the meaning of public good, and shape the development of the nation-state.


Book Reviews

Confederate Conscription and the Struggle for Southern Soldiers, by John M. Sacher
Reviewed by Keith S. Bohannon

Invisible Wounds: Mental Illness and Civil War Soldiers, by Dillon J. Carroll
Reviewed by Diane Miller Sommerville

Animal Histories of the Civil War Era, edited by Earl J. Hess
Reviewed by Marcy S. Sacks

Spectacle of Grief: Public Funerals and Memory in the Civil War Era, by Sarah J. Purcell
Reviewed by James J. Broomall

Ends of War: The Unfinished Fight of Lee’s Army after Appomattox, by Caroline E. Janney
Reviewed by Kurt Hackemer

Rebel Salvation: Pardon and Amnesty of Confederates in Tennessee, by Kathleen Zebley Liulevicius
Reviewed by Heather Carlquist Walser

Stephen A. Swails: Black Freedom Fighter in the Civil War and Reconstruction, by Gordon C. Rhea
Reviewed by J. Brent Morris